Methods of measuring the influence of electro-magnetic radiation of vehicles on the person and the environment


  • A. Bazhinov Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University, Ukraine
  • M. Kravtsov Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University, Ukraine
  • A. Ilychuk Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University, Ukraine


Ключові слова:

motor vehicles, electromagnetic hazards, human health, electromagnetic radiation


The influence of modern automobiles and automobile flows on the environment and human health is considered. Suggestions have been made to develop a methodology for measuring electromagnetic emissions from automobiles at the stage of their operation and repair. The article is an analysis of research on the negative and harmful factors of exposure to electromagnetic fields and radiation on the human body, exceeding the existing standards several times (according to some foreign sources) on the examples of Ukraine and abroad. According to various literary sources, the electromagnetic pollution of the urban environment from motor vehicles can reach 30 %. Indicators of the electromagnetic field (EMF) depend on the intensity of the motor transport. At present, the percentage of EMF from road transport in cities has increased significantly. The percentage of EMF increases due to increased traffic flows, the number and power of electrical equipment of a single vehicle. The motor vehicle though is a relatively low-powered source of electromagnetic radiation (EMR), but the EMR problem exists. At the same time, there is still no clear definition of what level of exposure is harmful to health. Official safety tests in most countries do not measure the strength of such fields in cars. The nature of electromagnetic radiation is associated with vortex electrical and magnetic fields. The degree of influence is determined by the amount of energy of electromagnetic radiation, depending on the frequency or wavelength. By electrical properties, most living tissues at frequencies above 60 kHz can be considered as animate dielectrics. A man-caused background created by the flow of vehicles equipped with a system of ignition, on highways and in densely populated locations in the period of intense traffic far exceeds the natural. The highest level of electromagnetic field intensity is observed in cities and industrial zones. The analysis shows that the electromagnetic environment will deteriorate as the number of cars increases. The situation is complicated by the fact that in the process of operation, the level of electromagnetic radiation, in particular from the ignition system of the car, increases in the result of the aging processes of various designs and elements that affect the parameters of the EMF.

Біографії авторів

A. Bazhinov, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

professor, Doctor of Technical Science

M. Kravtsov, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

Associate Professor, Candidate of Technical Sciences

A. Ilychuk, Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University



Popov I. And, O. A. Teslenko, N. I. Teslenko. Analysis of the state of the regulatory framework for ensuring electromagnetic safety in Ukraine // Management systems, navigation and audio systems. 2015. 2. Р. 124–131.

Selivanov S.E., Filenko V.V., Karazina V.N., Bazhinov A.V. Electromagnetic pollution of the biosphere by motor vehicles (cars, electric cars, hybrid cars) // Automobile transport. 2009. № 25.

Synergetic car. Theory and practice: monograph / A.V. Bazhinov et al. – Kharkov, 2011. – 236 p.

Hybrid automobiles: a monograph / A.V. Bazhinov et al. – Kharkov, 2008. – 327 p.

Bases of an effective ecologically clean car. Monograph. / O.V. Bazhinov, T.O. Bazhinova, M.M. Kravtsov. Kharkiv: KHNADU, 2018. – 200 p.

Impact on passengers of magnetic fields in electric vehicles / Pablo Moreno-Torres, Marcos Lafos, Marcos Blanco and Jaime R. Arribas Submitted: November 24, 2015 Review: May 31, 2016 Published: October 5, 2016 DOI: 10.5772 / 64434.

Kirichenko V.I. Electric drive of hybrid vehicles. URL:


Shubin V.Ye. A device for protecting the driver from geopathic zones and from radiation from the electrical equipment of his own car. URL:

IEC 61786-1. International standard norme. Measurement of DC magnetic, AC magnetic and AC electric fields from 1 Hz to 100 kHz with regard to exposure of human beings. Commission electrotechnique internationale. ICS 17.220.20. ISBN 978-2-8322-1298-1.

ISO 19206-1: 2018. Road vehicles – Test devices for target vehicles, vulnerable road users and other objects, for assessment of active safety functions – Part 1: Requirements for passenger vehicle rear-end targets. General information. Status Published. Publication date: 2018-12. Edition: 1. Number of pages: 20. Technical Committee: ISO/TC 22/SC33. Vehicle dynamics and chassis components. ICS: 43.020. Road vehicles in general.

Hygienic classification of indicators of health and safety factors of viral fungus, importance of workload, Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated 08.04.2014 № 248, registered with the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on May 6, 2014, № 472/25. 12.

DSNіP State Sanitary Norms and Rules for Robots with Electric Magnets.

Korobeinikov A.G., Ismagilov V.S., Kopytenko Yu.A., Ptitsyna N.G. Measuring systems for magnetic fields in electric cars for analysis of electromagnetic safety. URL:


Ptitsyna N.G., Ismagilov V.S., Kopytenko Yu.A., Korobeinikov A. G. Phase-gradient method for measuring a magnetic field in an electric car // Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics. – 2013. – № 1 (83). – Р. 108–112.

Ismagilov V.S, Kopytenko Yu.A., Hattori K., Hayakawa M. Use of gradients and phase velocities of ULF geomagnetic disturbances to determine the location of the source of a future strong earthquakes // Geomagnetism and aeronomy. – 2006. – T. 46. – № 3. – Р. 423–430.

Korobeinikov A.G., Ptitsyna N.G., Ismagilov V.S., Kopytenko Yu.A. Calculation of the magnetic field topology in an electric vehicle using the phase-gradient method // Software systems and computational methods. – 2013. – № 1. – C. 45–55. DOI: 10.7256 / 2305-6061.2013.01.4.